WHO pain ladder. I suggested that, before stepping up to opioid relief, s/he should confirm treatment failure. By that, I wanted to be sure that the patient had really failed acetaminophen, eg 3g daily, and ibuprofen, eg 2,400mg daily. The resident wasn't exactly thrilled at having to go back in and get further details but agreed to do so. S/he returned sheepishly stating that the patient had only been taking acetaminophen 325mg daily along w/ibuprofen 200mg daily. This was clearly not a case of treatment failure but rather failure to treat adequately.
Costco in Southern California over the Easter holiday weekend) in a Ferrari 458 Italia and then complaining that something was wrong with the car because it wasn't driving properly. Putting diesel into this sports car wouldn't have helped either. While the former is akin to giving the wrong dose, the latter is more like giving the wrong medication altogether. But what about timing? After all, is there really any need to go to another the gas station after you've driven 5 miles from the previous one? Seems like a waste of time to me.
many observational studies have demonstrated the benefit of fish consumption and omega 3 fatty acids in cardiovascular disease in both 1o & 2o prevention, the cause & effect data is still quite murky and interpretation is open to debate.
meta-analysis was published earlier this week in the Archives of Internal Medicine suggesting that there really isn't enough evidence to suggest that omega 3 fatty acids prevent recurrent heart disease. The authors arrived at their conclusion after culling through 1,007 articles to find 14 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials involving 20,485 participants followed, in some studies, for over 2 years. Remember that observational studies can only prove correlation while it takes a randomized controlled trial to prove cause & effect. So how can we explain the discrepancies?
The editorialists noted that perhaps we need to consume real fish to gain the desired benefits since fish would surely suppress the desire to consume less healthy protein options. So in this case, we have all 3 tenets to consider: are omega 3 fatty acids really good for us, even equivalent to "real fish"; how much omega 3 fatty acids (EPA + DHA) do we need, and are they only effective in 1o prevention (before clinical manifestation).